Piʻi mai nā Kai o Hawaiʻi





Maile Wong



He wahi mea hoihoi kaʻu e waiho ana ma mua ou, e ka mea heluhelu iā Ka Ulu Hoi, ʻo ia hoʻi, ke piʻi nei ke kai o Hawaiʻi. Ua kala kahiko ka nūhou o ka piʻi maoli ʻana o ke kai ma kahakai. Lohe mau kākou pilikia ʻia ke kahakai i ka hana hewa o nā poʻe lehulehu ma ka honua nei i kēia au. E piʻi maoli ana ke kai he hoʻokahi kapuaʻi i ka makahiki iwakālua kūmālima aʻe nei. I kēlā me kēia makahiki ke nui nei ke kai piha a e pihō auaneʻi nā kaona a me nā wahi like ʻole ma kai. Akā, ʻo ka mea hoihoi, ʻaʻole wale nō ma kahakai e piʻi ana ke kai. Piʻi hoʻi ke kai i loko o nā lāʻau e ulu aʻe ma kahakai.


Penei e ʻike ʻia ai ka piʻi ʻana o ke kai i loko o nā lāʻau: Inā hele ʻoe i kahakai ma Hawaiʻi, e ʻike ʻoe i ka lilelile o nā lāʻau ma kai i nā kukuna o Kānehoa. Ma uka pono o ka poʻana kai, ʻanapa ka hinahina o ka lau nihoa o ka maʻo lāua ʻo ka ʻilima, lalilali ka lau o ke ʻākulikuli, ka pāʻū o Hiʻiaka, a me ka naupaka. I ka ʻike mua ʻana, me he mea lā, ʻaʻole pilikia iki ʻia lākou. Akā naʻe, e pilikia ʻia nō. I loko nō o ko lākou noho maoli ʻana ma kahakai, e mūkiki wai lākou mai ka wai ʻili (freshwater lens) mai i kahakai. ʻO ka wai ʻili ka waihona wai hāiki loa ma lalo o ke one. Inā ʻeliʻeli ʻoe ma ke one ma uka aʻe o ka palena o ke kai nui, e loaʻa koke kekahi kūlana pulu o ke one. Pulu kēia one i ka wai, ʻo ia nō ka wai ʻili a nā lāʻau e mūkiki ai. I ka piʻi ʻana o ke kai, lilo ka wai ʻili i wai kai, ʻo ka piʻi maila nō ia o ke kai i loko o nā lāʻau. Penei e piʻi ai ke kai i loko o nā lāʻau.


Inā ʻaʻole pilikia ka lāʻau i ka piʻi ʻana o ke kai i loko ona, a ulu pono aʻe ʻo ia a hoʻopulapula hou e like me ka mea maʻamau, he halophyte ia lāʻau. No kekahi manawa lōʻihi, kainō he mau halophyte ka poʻe lāʻau Hawaiʻi a pau ma kai. Akā i ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻana aku, hoʻomaopopo akula kākou ʻaʻole nō paha pēlā.


Ua hana ʻia he hana ʻimi noiʻi ma Lāwaʻi Kai, Kauaʻi a me ka hale hoʻoulu mea kanu ʻo Pope (Pope greenhouse) ma ke Kulanui o Hawaiʻi i Mānoa. ʻO ka pahu hopu, ʻo ia ka wae ʻana i ka lāʻau i pilikia ʻia i ke kai piʻi (nā glycophytes) a me nā lāʻau pilikia ʻole (nā halophytes) i mea e hoʻomaopopo ai i nā papahana hoʻōla lāʻau no ke kanu hou ʻana i kai, a me nā lāʻau e pono ai ke kōkua. Ua kanu ʻia aku kekahi poʻe lāʻau Hawaiʻi i kona wā keiki. ʻOi aku ka weliweli o ka piʻi ʻana o ke kai no nā lāʻau keiki ma mua o nā lāʻau makua. Hiki i nā lāʻau makua ke hoʻomau, akā mae koke kēlā lāʻau keiki. E pilikia auaneʻi ke kahakai ma hope o ka hala ʻana o nā lāʻau makua, ʻaʻohe āna pulapula e hoʻomau ma laila. Penei nō paha e nalo wale ai nā lāʻau i kahakai inā ʻaʻole e kākoʻo ʻia.


Ua kanu ʻia ka milo, ka pili, ka maʻo, ka pāʻū o Hiʻiaka, ke kou, ka nanea, ke ʻākulikuli, ka mauʻu ʻakiʻaki, ke ʻaeʻae a me ke ʻaʻaliʻi. He mau lāʻau maʻamau kēia e ulu aʻe i ke one ma uka pono o ka poʻana kai. Ua ninini ʻia ke kai ma nā lāʻau i kanu ʻia i mea e ʻimi ai i ka hopena o ka lāʻau ma muli ka piʻi ʻana o kona kai (salinification). Ma waena o nā lāʻau he 12 i hoʻāʻo ʻia, ʻo ka milo a me ke ʻākulikuli wale nō paha nā halophyte. ʻO nā lāʻau he ʻumi i koe, e mae koke ana ke piʻi mai kona kai. Ua kapa ʻia kēia ʻano lāʻau he glycophyte. Ke holomua nei ka ʻimi noiʻi, akā eia ka manaʻo mua i ʻupu aʻe ke ʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia mai. Inā i piʻi ke kai me ka mālie ma muli o ka hana ʻino ʻole o ka lehulehu kanaka ma kēia honua nei, inā nō ua lawa ka manawa no ka neʻe mālie maoli ʻana o nā lāʻau mai kai a i uka, inā nō hoʻi ua lawa ka manawa no ko lākou maʻa ʻana aku i ka piʻi mālie o ke kai. Akā naʻe, i kēia manawa weliweli, piʻi wawe ke kai, ʻo ke kōkua ka pono no ke kanaka ma Hawaiʻi nei. ʻO kēia ke kumu o ko mākou ʻimi noiʻi ʻana, i mea e wae ai i nā mea e kanu ai i kahakai a me nā mea e hoʻoneʻe ai i uka. He kuleana ko ka poʻe hana ma ka papahana conservation e alakaʻi ai. Akā naʻe, na kākou e kākoʻo i ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i nā lāʻau glycophytes mai kai a i uka, a e kanu hou i nā lāʻau halophyte ma kai. ʻAʻole na ka poʻe ʻōiwi kēia pilikia o ke kai piʻi, akā, ua mālama ʻia, ua aloha ʻia, a ua kilo ʻia kēia ʻāina e ka poʻe Hawaiʻi. Kūpono paha ko kākou kakoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i kēia pilikia i kai. ʻO ka mea nui a kākou e hoʻomanaʻo ai, ʻo ia ka pilina maoli e hehei ʻia ai nā mea a pau e ola a e hoʻōla ma Hawaiʻi nei. ʻO nā lāʻau a me nā kānaka kekahi o ia mea e ola, ʻo ke kai a me ka wai kekahi o ia mea e hoʻōla. He pilina ʻohana ko kākou. Like nō ka wai e kahe i ke kino o nā lāʻau Hawaiʻi, like nō ka wai e kahe ana i loko o kākou. E hele paha kākou i kai a kilo kākou i ka loli wawe o ke kai, a pēlā paha e maopopo ai iā kākou ke kiaʻi ʻana i ko kākou ʻāina aloha mai uka a i kai. I loko nō o ko kākou lana mālie ʻana i nā kai ʻewalu, i loko hoʻi o ke kahe ʻana o ka hou i ka lā ʻalaneo, mai poina, ke piʻi mai nei ke kai o Hawaiʻi. Pehea ke kai i loko o kākou, e piʻi anei?


© Maile Wong 2022





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